收购和维护建筑物的过程包括各种前期和隐性成本。Through the process of life-cycle costing analysis,您可以评估拥有和新金沙真人官网运营设施的总成本。With life cycle costing and analysis,或LCCA，您还可以比较不同的项目设置，以确定哪种设置提供了最大的节省。
通过生命周期成本计算和分析，owners,用户，and managers can more easily make decisions about their facility assets.The initial cost of purchasing a facility is only one component of its total actual cost.By determining and considering the costs of the lifespan of your facility,you can make more informed decisions.
- Project future resources that may be required over the expected life cycle of systems and components
- Improve system design for lower cost and improved efficiency
一般来说，we focus on the following cost categories:
- 初始成本。术语”initial costs"encompasses any of the costs associated with acquisition,革新，and construction,以及设施运行所需的任何设备。
- Operation Costs.Operation costs can often be difficult to estimate due to variables such as building age,维护标准，and operating schedules.我们仔细研究任何变量，以便尽可能准确地进行成本分析。
- Energy.运行时间表，占用率，建筑类型，and other factors play a major role in determining energy usage and costs.能源使用可以通过彻底的分析和使用专门的软件来预测。Current energy prices,以及能源价格预测，are used to project total energy cost over time.
- 水。Much like energy costs,water costs are influenced by a variety of factors.Typically,water costing analysis is handled in a similar way to energy,and is based overall on water usage and disposal costs.
- Maintenance and Repair Costs.当整个系统或系统部件需要维修时，the cost of that repair can be an unpleasant surprise.通过生命周期成本分析，we can help you determine what your potential maintenance and repair costs could be over time.
- Replacement Costs.系统和组件具有估计寿命，and even a well-maintained system will need to be replaced over time.We can help determine the number and timing of building system replacements that will be needed over time.
- 额外成本。In some situations,finance charges and taxes must be considered as part of the life cycle costing analysis process.Non-monetary costs such as improved occupant comfort and increased worker productivity as a result of efficient systems should also be accounted for,but are difficult to associate with an exact monetary value.
我们的生命周期成本分析服务旨在为您提供未来计划所需的答案。联系LKPB工程澳门金莎真人师，an IMEG Company to learn more about our full-service 澳门金莎真人平台mechani澳门金沙真人cal and electrical engineering services.